Hello, friends today, lifeinawind.com describes the history of the Internet for students with full information. The Internet is a short form for an interconnected network. It has become a vital part of our lives, helping us connect with people worldwide. The Internet is made up of a large number of independently operated networks. It is fully distributed with no central control. Each independently-operated system is motivated to ensure that there is end-to-end connectivity for every part of the network. In this article, we shared information about Internet history and more about the Internet. Keep scrolling to learn more about the history of the internet.
What is the Internet?
This question may seem easy to answer to the younger generations who have grown up under its influence, but defining it isn’t really as easy. The Internet, also known as the World Wide Web (www), is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use a protocol called the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to link to billions of devices all around the world. The impact of this has been so enormous that it has been referred to as the 8th continent of the world. This carries a vast range of information, from the top-secret military and research files to the most trending and viral videos of the week. This massive storage is shared by everyone, with everyone’s computer contributing to the ever-expanding treasure trove of knowledge.
The advent of the internet is heavily influencing most traditional communication methods such as newspapers, telephones, television, etc. They are giving rise to new services such as internet phones and internet TV. The exchange of information has been accelerated exponentially and, consequentially, the exchange of information has led to an improvement in the standard of life for many people across the globe. What’s most curious about the internet is its structure. It has no centralized governance, either technologically or legally, regarding the policy for access and usage. Every network decides its policy and implements it within its jurisdiction.
The History of the Internet
Want to know about the history of the Internet? The first question that pops into your mind is probably, “Who started the internet?” The Internet was developed by Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf in the 1970s. They began the design of what we today know as the “internet.” It was the result of another research experiment which was called ARPANET, which stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. This was initially supposed to be a communications system for the Defense Team of the United States of America—a network that would also survive a nuclear attack. It eventually became a successful nationwide experimental packet network. But when was the first Internet started? It is believed that on August 6, 1991, when the World Wide Web opened to the public.
Who invented the internet?
The main individuals credited with inventing the internet are Bob Kahn, Vint Cerf, and Tim Berners-Lee. Many other scientists, inventors, and developers have added to the constantly changing and expanding network.
How does the Internet Work?
Computers that we use every day are called clients because they are indirectly connected to the Internet through an internet service provider. When you open a webpage on your computer, you connect to the webpage, and then you can access it. Computers break the information into smaller pieces called packets, which are reassembled in their original order. If we put the right address on a packet and send it to any computer that is connected as part of the internet, each computer would figure out which cable to send it down next so that it would get to its destination.
With several computers on a network, it may create confusion even with unique addresses. This transfer of messages is handled by the Packet Routing Network, and hence a router is required to set up. The Transfer Control Protocol is another system that makes sure no packet is lost or left behind because it might create a disrupted message at the receiving end.
Father of the Internet
Tim Berners-Lee Tim Berners-Lee was the man who led the development of the World Wide Web, the definition of HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), HTML (hypertext markup language) used to create web pages, and URLs (Universal Resource Locators). The development of the WWW, HTTP, HTML, and URLs took place between 1989 and 1991. Tim Berners-Lee was born in London and he graduated in Physics from Oxford University in 1976. Currently, Tim Berners-Lee is the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium, the group that sets technical standards for the web. Vinton Cerf is also named as an internet daddy other than Tim Berners-Lee. After being out of high school for 10 years, he began co-designing and co-developing the protocols and structure of what became the internet.
Advantages of Internet
- The internet has become a popular name since the introduction of its easy installation and setup. The Internet was first invented for military and government use only. But now, it is found in every house across the world. The following are the advantages of the internet:
- It is a great medium of sharing and has increased connectivity.
- With the internet, banking has now become easier. Long, tiresome waiting lines have been eliminated since the introduction of e-banking platforms.
- E-commerce websites are one of the great advantages of the internet. One can buy groceries, clothes, household items, and much more on the internet.
- The Internet is also a great source of entertainment. One can watch videos and movies, listen to music, and play games, without any hassle.
- Social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter have brought the world closer. The education system has also transformed. With the internet, any student across the world can attend online classes.
History of HTML
In 1945, Vannevar Bush first introduced the basics of hypertext. In 1990, Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web, HTML (hypertext markup language), HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol), and URLs (Universal Resource Locators). Along with his colleagues at CERN (an international scientific organization based in Geneva, Switzerland), Tim Berners-Lee was the primary author of HTML (hypertext markup language).
Expansion of the Internet
Although the Internet was developed much earlier, it only became popular in households in the 1990s. The emergence of the Internet can be tracked by how many businesses and homes started changing the way they worked and started connecting their laptops and other devices to the Internet. However, the concept of hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) as we know it today was created only during this time. This meant that people could now access the same web pages on their devices and share information.
There has been a dramatic growth in the number of internet users since its inception. As a result, the number of computer networks that are connected has grown exponentially too. It started with only connecting less than ten computers initially. Today, 440 million computers can be connected directly, making life easier for people across the globe. Sharing information and knowledge has become extremely easy for those that have access to the Internet. The country with the highest number of internet users in China, with 1.4 billion users, followed by India with 1.3 billion, and the United States of America with a little over 0.3 billion users.
Two Main Types of Computer Networks
A network consists of two or more computers that are linked to each other in order to exchange files, share resources, and allow electronic communication. These interconnected computers are linked to one another by cables, radio waves, telephone lines, infrared beams, and satellites. Listed below are the two main types of a computer networks:
- Local Area Network (LAN): A LAN is two or more connected laptops or computers or phones sharing information with each other in a small geographic location. For example, a network of computers at your home or work.
- Wide Area Network (WAN): A WAN is basically two or more interconnected LANs. These networks are farther apart than the systems in LAN. They can communicate via telephone lines or radio waves.
The current internet population is said to be approximately 3.4 billion users, 48.1% of which are from Asia and 10% are from North America. 3.4 billion Users give the internet unprecedented power and importance in this day and age. People are becoming empowered with a greater exchange of information and as people are learning more; their lives too are improving for the better. Unrestricted access to everyone in the world has made the internet a truly representative body of the world’s population. The ease and innovation supported by the internet are generating bursts of creativity in humans. More people now are in touch with each other than ever before. The future of it is no longer detached from the future of our race. It has become so essential that it is truly entwined in the deepest fabrics of our society.
We hope this article gave you some information about the History of the Internet. And we hope you enjoyed learning about how it actually all started and the path it took to become the Internet we know and use today. Please like and share our articles with your friends and on social media. And please support us by subscribing to our articles by clicking on the One-Signal Push Notification bell icon. Lifeinawind.com will publish more important articles in the future to make your life easier with today’s technology.